Application of the Treaty
a) The scope of application of ? Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone is defined exclusively for the purposes of this Treaty as the land territory, all waters (harbors, lakes, rivers and streams) and the air space above them, which belong to the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz
Republic, the Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan;
b) Nothing in this Treaty shall prejudice or in any way affect the rights of any Central Asian States in any dispute concerning the ownership of or sovereignty over lands or waters that may or may not be included within this zone.
1. Each Party undertakes:
(a) Not to conduct research on, develop, manufacture, stockpile or otherwise acquire, possess or have control over any nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device by any means anywhere;
(b) Not to seek or receive any assistance in research on, development, manufacture, stockpiling, acquisition, possession or obtaining control over any nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device;
(c) Not to take any action to assist or encourage the conduct of research on, development, manufacture, stockpiling, acquisition or possession of any nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device;
(d) Not to allow in its territory:
(i) The production, acquisition, stationing, storage or use, of any nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device;
(ii) The receipt, storage, stockpiling, installation or other form of possession of or control over any nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device;
(iii) Any actions, by anyone, to assist or encourage the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition, possession of or control over any nuclear weapon or other nuclear explosive device.
2. Each Party undertakes not to allow the disposal in its territory of radioactive waste of other States.
Foreign Ships, Aircraft, and Ground Transportation
Without prejudice to the purposes and objectives of this Treaty, each Party, in the exercise of its sovereign rights, is free to resolve issues related to transit through its territory by air, land or water, including visits by foreign ships to its ports and landing of foreign aircraft at its airfields.
Prohibition of Testing of Nuclear Weapons or Other Nuclear Explosive Devices
Each Party undertakes, in accordance with the CTBT:
(a) Not to carry out any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion;
(b) To prohibit and prevent any such nuclear explosion at any place under its jurisdiction or control;
(c) To refrain from causing, encouraging, or in any way participating in the carrying out of any nuclear weapon test explosion or any other nuclear explosion.
Each Party undertakes to assist any efforts toward the environmental rehabilitation of territories contaminated as ? result of past activities related to the development, production or storage of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, in particular uranium tailings storage sites and nuclear test sites.
Use of Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes
No provision of this Treaty shall prejudice the rights of the Parties to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.
IAEA Safeguards Each Party undertakes:
(a) To use for exclusively peaceful purposes the nuclear material and facilities which are within its territory, under its jurisdiction, or under its control anywhere;
(b) To conclude with the I??? and bring into force, if it has not already done so, an agreement for the application of safeguards in accordance with the NPT (INFCIRC/153 (Corr.)), and an Additional Protocol (INFCIRC/540 (Corr.)) not later than 18 months after the entry into force of this Treaty;
(c) Not to provide: (i) source or special fissionable material or (ii) equipment or material especially designed or prepared for the processing, use or production of special fissionable material, to any non-nuclear-weapon State, unless that State has concluded with the I??? ? comprehensive safeguards agreement and its Additional Protocol referred to in paragraph (b) of this article.
Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and Equipment
Each Party undertakes to maintain effective standards of physical protection of nuclear material, facilities and equipment to prevent its unauthorized use or handling or theft. To that end, each Party undertakes to apply measures of physical protection to nuclear material in domestic use, transport and storage, to nuclear material in international transport, and to nuclear facilities within its territory at least as effective as those called for by the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material of 1987 and by the recommendations and guidelines developed by the I??? for physical protection.
The Parties agree to hold annual meetings of their representatives, on ? rotating basis, as well as extraordinary meetings, at the request of any Party, in order to review compliance with this Treaty or other matters related to its implementation.
Settlement of Disputes
Disputes between the Parties involving the interpretation or application of this Treaty shall be settled through negotiations or by other means as may be deemed necessary by the Parties.
This Treaty does not affect the rights and obligations of the Parties under other international treaties which they may have concluded prior to the date of the entry into force of this Treaty.
The Parties shall take all necessary measures for effective implementation of the purposes and objectives of this Treaty in accordance with the main principles contained therein.
This Treaty shall not be subject to reservations.
Signature and Ratification
(a) This Treaty shall be open for signature at Semipalatinsk, the Republic of Kazakhstan, by all States of the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone: the Republic of Kazakhstan, the ??rg?z Republic, the Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan.
(b) This Treaty shall be subject to ratification.
Entry into Force and Duration
(a) This Treaty shall enter into force 30 days after the date of the deposit of the fifth instrument of ratification.
(b) This Treaty shall be of unlimited duration.
Withdrawal from the Treaty
(a) Any Party may, by written notification addressed to the Depositary, withdraw from the Treaty if it decides that extraordinary events, related to the subject-matter of this Treaty, have jeopardized its supreme national interests. Such notification shall include ? statement of the extraordinary events it regards as having jeopardized its supreme national interests.
(b) Withdrawal shall take effect 12 months after the date of receipt of the notification by the Depositary, who shall circulate such notification to all Parties to the Treaty and to the signatories of the Protocol.
(a) Any amendment to this Treaty, proposed by ? Party, shall be circulated by it to all Parties and submitted to the Consultative Meeting at least 90 days before the Meeting.
(b) Decisions on the adoption of such an amendment shall be taken by consensus of the Parties.
(c) An amendment so adopted shall enter into force for all Parties after receipt by the Depositary of the instrument of ratification of this amendment from all Parties.
(a) This Treaty shall be deposited with the Kyrgyz Republic, which is hereby designated as Depositary of this Treaty.
(b) The Depositary shall, inter alia: