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Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency
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<p class="bodytext"><b>Article I</b>: Establishment of the Agency<br> <br> The Parties hereto establish an International Atomic Energy Agency  (hereinafter referred to as "the Agency") upon the terms and conditions  hereinafter set forth.<br> <br> <b>Article II</b>: Objectives<br> <br> The Agency shall seek to accelerate and enlarge the contribution of  atomic energy to peace, health and prosperity throughout the world. It  shall ensure, so far as it is able, that assistance provided by it or at  its request or under its supervision or control is not used in such a  way as to further any military purpose.<br> <br> <b>Article III</b>: Functions<br> <br> A. The Agency is authorized:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext">1. To encourage and assist research on, and development and practical  application of, atomic energy for peaceful uses throughout the world;  and, if requested to do so, to act as an intermediary for the purposes  of securing the performance of services or the supplying of materials,  equipment, or facilities by one member of the Agency for another; and to  perform any operation or service useful in research on, or development  or practical application of, atomic energy for peaceful purposes;<br> <br> 2. To make provision, in accordance with this Statute, for materials,  services, equipment, and facilities to meet the needs of research on,  and development and practical application of, atomic energy for peaceful  purposes, including the production of electric power, with due  consideration for the needs of the under-developed areas of the world;<br> <br> 3. To foster the exchange of scientific and technical information on  peaceful uses of atomic energy;<br> <br> 4. To encourage the exchange of training of scientists and experts in  the field of peaceful uses of atomic energy;<br> <br> 5. To establish and administer safeguards designed to ensure that  special fissionable and other materials, services, equipment,  facilities, and information made available by the Agency or at its  request or under its supervision or control are not used in such a way  as to further any military purpose; and to apply safeguards, at the  request of the parties, to any bilateral or multilateral arrangement, or  at the request of a State, to any of that State&#39;s activities in the  field of atomic energy;<br> <br> 6. To establish or adopt, in consultation and, where appropriate, in  collaboration with the competent organs of the United Nations and with  the specialized agencies concerned, standards of safety for protection  of health and minimization of danger to life and property (including  such standards for labour conditions), and to provide for the  application of these standards to its own operation as well as to the  operations making use of materials, services, equipment, facilities, and  information made available by the Agency or at its request or under its  control or supervision; and to provide for the application of these  standards, at the request of the parties, to operations under any  bilateral or multilateral arrangements, or, at the request of a State,  to any of that State&#39;s activities in the field of atomic energy;<br> <br> 7. To acquire or establish any facilities, plant and equipment useful in  carrying out its authorized functions, whenever the facilities, plant,  and equipment otherwise available to it in the area concerned are  inadequate or available only on terms it deems unsatisfactory.</p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> B. In carrying out its functions, the Agency shall:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. Conduct its activities in accordance with the purposes and principles  of the United Nations to promote peace and international co-operation,  and in conformity with policies of the United Nations furthering the  establishment of safeguarded worldwide disarmament and in conformity  with any international agreements entered into pursuant to such  policies;<br> <br> 2. Establish control over the use of special fissionable materials  received by the Agency, in order to ensure that these materials are used  only for peaceful purposes;<br> <br> 3. Allocate its resources in such a manner as to secure efficient  utilization and the greatest possible general benefit in all areas of  the world, bearing in mind the special needs of the under- developed  areas of the world;<br> <br> 4. Submit reports on its activities annually to the General Assembly of  the United Nations and, when appropriate, to the Security Council: if in  connection with the activities of the Agency there should arise  questions that are within the competence of the Security Council, the  Agency shall notify the Security Council, as the organ bearing the main  responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security,  and may also take the measures open to it under this Statute, including  those provided in paragraph C of Article XII;<br> <br> 5. Submit reports to the Economic and Social Council and other organs of  the United Nations on matters within the competence of these organs.</p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> C. In carrying out its functions, the Agency shall not make assistance  to members subject to any political, economic, military, or other  conditions incompatible with the provisions of this Statute.<br> <br> D. Subject to the provisions of this Statute and to the terms of  agreements concluded between a State or a group of States and the Agency  which shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Statute, the  activities of the Agency shall be carried out with due observance of the  sovereign rights of States.<br> <br> <b>Article IV</b>: Membership<br> <br> A. The initial members of the Agency shall be those States Members of  the United Nations or of any of the specialized agencies which shall  have signed this Statute within ninety days after it is opened for  signature and shall have deposited an instrument of ratification.<br> <br> B. Other members of the Agency shall be those States, whether or not  Members of the United Nations or of any of the specialized agencies,  which deposit an instrument of acceptance of this Statute after their  membership has been approved by the General Conference upon the  recommendation of the Board of Governors. In recommending and approving  a State for membership, the Board of Governors and the General  Conference shall determine that the State is able and willing to carry  out the obligations of membership in the Agency, giving due  consideration to its ability and willingness to act in accordance with  the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.<br> <br> C. The Agency is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all  its members, and all members, in order to ensure to all of them the  rights and benefits resulting from membership, shall fulfill in good  faith the obligation assumed by them in accordance with this Statute.<br> <br> <b>Article V</b>: General Conference<br> <br> A. A General Conference consisting of representatives of all members  shall meet in regular annual session and in such special sessions as  shall be convened by the Director General at the request of the Board of  Governors or of a majority of members. The sessions shall take place at  the headquarters of the Agency unless otherwise determined by the  General Conference.<br> <br> B. At such sessions, each member shall be represented by one delegate  who may be accompanied by alternates and by advisers. The cost of  attendance of any delegation shall be borne by the member concerned.<br> <br> C. The General Conference shall elect a President and such other  officers as may be required at the beginning of each session. They shall  hold office for the duration of the session. The General Conference,  subject to the provisions of this Statute, shall adopt its own rules of  procedure. Each member shall have one vote. Decisions pursuant to  paragraph H of article XIV, paragraph C of article XVIII and paragraph B  of article XIX shall be made by a two- thirds majority of the members  present and voting. Decisions on other questions, including the  determination of additional questions or categories of questions to be  decided by a two- thirds majority, shall be made by a majority of the  members present and voting. A majority of members shall constitute a  quorum.<br> <br> D. The General Conference may discuss any questions or any matters  within the scope of this Statute or relating to the powers and functions  of any organs provided for in this Statute, and may make recommendations  to the membership of the Agency or to the Board of Governors or to both  on any such questions or matters.<br> <br> E. The General Conference shall:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. Elect members of the Board of Governors in accordance with article  VI; <br> <br> 2. Approve States for membership in accordance with article IV; <br> <br> 3. Suspend a member from the privileges and rights of membership in  accordance with article XIX; <br> <br> 4. Consider the annual report of the Board; <br> <br> 5. In accordance with article XIV, approve the budget of the Agency  recommended by the Board or return it with recommendations as to its  entirety or parts to the Board. for resubmission to the General  Conference; <br> <br> 6. Approve reports to be submitted to the United Nations as required by  the relationship agreement between the Agency and the United Nations,  except reports referred to in paragraph C of article XII, or return them  to the Board with its recommendations; <br> <br> 7. Approve any agreement or agreements between the Agency and the United  Nations and other organizations as provided in article XVI or return  such agreements with its recommendations to the Board, for resubmission  to the General Conference; <br> <br> 8. Approve rules and limitations regarding the exercise of borrowing  powers by the Board, in accordance with paragraph G of article XIV;  approve rules regarding the acceptance of voluntary contributions to the  Agency; and approve, in accordance with paragraph F of article XIV, the  manner in which the general fund referred to in that paragraph may be  used; <br> <br> 9. Approve amendments to this Statute in accordance with paragraph C of  article XVIII; <br> <br> 10. Approve the appointment of the Director General in accordance with  paragraph A of article VII.</p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> F. The General Conference shall have the authority:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. To take decisions on any matter specifically referred to the General  Conference for this purpose by the Board; <br> <br> 2. To propose matters for consideration by the Board and request from  the Board reports on any matter relating to the functions of the Agency. </p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> <b>Article Vl</b>: Board of Governors<br> <br> A. The Board of Governors shall be composed as follows:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. The outgoing Board of Governors shall designate for membership on the  Board the ten members most advanced in the technology of atomic energy  including the production of source materials, and the member most  advanced in the technology of atomic energy including the production of  source materials in each of the following areas in which none of the  aforesaid ten is located:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. North America <br> 2. Latin America <br> 3. Western Europe <br> 4. Eastern Europe <br> 5. Africa <br> 6. Middle East and South Asia <br> 7. South East Asia and the Pacific <br> 8. Far East. </p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 2. The General Conference shall elect to membership of the Board of  Governors:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> (a) Twenty members, with due regard to equitable representation on the  Board as a whole of the members in the areas listed in sub- paragraph A.  1 of this article, so that the Board shall at all times include in this  category five representatives of the area of Latin America, four  representatives of the area of Western Europe, three representatives of  the area of Eastern Europe, four representatives of the area of Africa,  two representatives of the area of the Middle East and South Asia, one  representative of the area of South East Asia and the Pacific, and one  representative of the area of the Far East. No member in this category  in any one term of office will be eligible for re- election in the same  category for the following term of office; and<br> <br> (b) One further member from among the members in the following areas:  Middle East and South Asia, South East Asia and the Pacific, Far East;<br> <br> (c) One further member from among the members in the following areas:  Africa, Middle East and South Asia, South East Asia and the Pacific.</p> </blockquote> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> B. The designations provided for in sub- paragraph A- l of this article  shall take place not less than sixty days before each regular annual  session of the General Conference. The elections provided for in sub-  paragraph A- 2 of this article shall take place at regular annual  sessions of the General Conference.<br> <br> C. Members represented on the Board of Governors in accordance with sub-  paragraph A- l of this article shall hold office from the end of the  next regular annual session of the General Conference after their  designation until the end of the following regular annual session of the  General Conference .<br> <br> D. Members represented on the Board of Governors in accordance with sub-  paragraph A- 2 of this article shall hold office from the end of the  regular annual session of the General Conference at which they are  elected until the end of the second regular annual session of the  General Conference thereafter.<br> <br> E. Each member of the Board of Governors shall have one vote. Decisions  on the amount of the Agency&#39;s budget shall be made by a two- thirds  majority of those present and voting, as provided in paragraph H of  article XIV. Decisions on other questions, including the determination  of additional questions or categories of questions to be decided by a  two thirds majority, shall be made by a majority of those present and  voting. Two- thirds of all members of the Board shall constitute a  quorum.<br> <br> F. The Board of Governors shall have authority to carry out the  functions of the Agency in accordance with this Statute, subject to its  responsibilities to the General Conference as provided in this Statute.<br> <br> G. The Board of Governors shall meet at such times as it may determine.  The meetings shall take place at the headquarters of the Agency unless  otherwise determined by the Board.<br> <br> H. The Board of Governors shall elect a Chairman and other officers from  among its members and, subject to the provisions of this Statute, shall  adopt its own rules of procedure.<br> <br> I. The Board of Governors may establish such committees as it deems  advisable. The Board may appoint persons to represent it in its  relations with other organizations.<br> <br> J. The Board of Governors shall prepare an annual report to the General  Conference concerning the affairs of the Agency and any projects  approved by the Agency. The Board shall also prepare for submission to  the General Conference such reports as the Agency is or may be required  to make to the United Nations or to any other organization the work of  which is related to that of the Agency. These reports, along with the  annual reports, shall be submitted to members of the Agency at least one  month before the regular annual session of the General Conference.<br> <br> <b>Article VII</b>: Staff<br> <br> A. The staff of the Agency shall be headed by a Director General. The  Director General shall be appointed by the Board of Governors with the  approval of the General Conference for a term of four years. He shall be  the chief administrative officer of the Agency.<br> <br> B. The Director General shall be responsible for the appointment,  organization, and functioning of the staff and shall be under the  authority of and subject to the control of the Board of Governors. He  shall perform his duties in accordance with regulations adopted by the  Board.<br> <br> C. The staff shall include such qualified scientific and technical and  other personnel as may be required to fulfill the objectives and  functions of the Agency. The Agency shall be guided by the principle  that its permanent staff shall be kept to a minimum.<br> <br> D. The paramount consideration in the recruitment and employment of the  staff and in the determination of the conditions of service shall be to  secure employees of the highest standards of efficiency, technical  competence, and integrity. Subject to this consideration, due regard  shall be paid to the contributions of members to the Agency and to the  importance of recruiting the staff on as wide a geographical basis as  possible.<br> <br> E. The terms and conditions on which the staff shall be appointed,  remunerated, and dismissed shall be in accordance with regulations made  by the Board of Governors, subject to the provisions of this Statute and  to general rules approved by the General Conference on the  recommendation of the Board.<br> <br> F. In the performance of their duties, the Director General and the  staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any source external to  the Agency. They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on  their position as officials of the Agency; subject to their  responsibilities to the Agency, they shall not disclose any industrial  secret or other confidential information coming to their knowledge by  reason of their official duties for the Agency. Each member undertakes  to respect the international character of the responsibilities of the  Director General and the staff and shall not seek to influence them in  the discharge of their duties.<br> <br> G. In this article the term "staff" includes guards.<br> <br> <b>Article VIII</b>: Exchange of information<br> <br> A. Each member should make available such information as would, in the  judgement of the member, be helpful to the Agency .<br> <br> B. Each member shall make available to the Agency all scientific  information developed as a result of assistance extended by the Agency  pursuant to article XI.<br> <br> C. The Agency shall assemble and make available in an accessible form  the information made available to it under paragraphs A and B of this  article. It shall take positive steps to encourage the exchange among  its members of information relating to the nature and peaceful uses of  atomic energy and shall serve as an intermediary among its members for  this purpose.<br> <br> <b>Article IX</b>: Supplying of materials<br> <br> A. Members may make available to the Agency such quantities of special  fissionable materials as they deem advisable and on such terms as shall  be agreed with the Agency. The materials made available to the Agency  may, at the discretion of the member making them available, be stored  either by the member concerned or, with the agreement of the Agency, in  the Agency&#39;s depots.<br> <br> B. Members may also make available to the Agency source materials as  defined in article XX and other materials. The Board of Governors shall  determine the quantities of such materials which the Agency will accept  under agreements provided for in article XIII.<br> <br> C. Each member shall notify the Agency of the quantities, form, and  composition of special fissionable materials, source materials, and  other materials which that member is prepared, in conformity with its  laws, to make available immediately or during a period specified by the  Board of Governors.<br> <br> D. On request of the Agency a member shall, from the materials which it  has made available, without delay deliver to another member or group of  members such quantities of such materials as the Agency may specify, and  shall without delay deliver to the Agency itself such quantities of such  materials as are really necessary for operations and scientific research  in the facilities of the Agency.<br> <br> E. The quantities, form and composition of materials made available by  any member may be changed at any time by the member with the approval of  the Board of Governors.<br> <br> F. An initial notification in accordance with paragraph C of this  article shall be made within three months of the entry into force of  this Statute with respect to the member concerned. In the absence of a  contrary decision of the Board of Governors, the materials initially  made available shall be for the period of the calendar year succeeding  the year when this Statute takes effect with respect to the member  concerned. Subsequent notifications shall likewise, in the absence of a  contrary action by the Board, relate to the period of the calendar year  following the notification and shall be made no later than the first day  of November of each year.<br> <br> G. The Agency shall specify the place and method of delivery and, where  appropriate, the form and composition, of materials which it has  requested a member to deliver from the amounts which that member has  notified the Agency it is prepared to make available. The Agency shall  also verify the quantities of materials delivered and shall report those  quantities periodically to the members.<br> <br> H. The Agency shall be responsible for storing and protecting materials  in its possession. The Agency shall ensure that these materials shall be  safeguarded against</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. hazards of the weather, <br> <br> 2. unauthorized removal or diversion, <br> <br> 3. damage or destruction, including sabotage, and <br> <br> 4. forcible seizure. In storing special fissionable materials in its  possession, the Agency shall ensure the geographical distribution of  these materials in such a way as not to allow concentration of large  amounts of such materials in any one country or region of the world. </p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> I. The Agency shall as soon as practicable establish or acquire such of  the following as may be necessary: </p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. Plant, equipment, and facilities for the receipt, storage, and issue  of materials; <br> <br> 2. Physical safeguards; <br> <br> 3. Adequate health and safety measures; <br> <br> 4. Control laboratories for the analysis and verification of materials  received; <br> <br> 5. Housing and administrative facilities for any staff required for the  foregoing. </p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> J. The materials made available pursuant to this article shall be used  as determined by the Board of Governors in accordance with the  provisions of this Statute. No member shall have the right to require  that the materials it makes available to the Agency be kept separately  by the Agency or to designate the specific project in which they must be  used.<br> <br> <b>Article X</b>: Services, equipment, and facilities<br> <br> Members may make available to the Agency services, equipment, and  facilities which may be of assistance in fulfilling the Agency&#39;s  objectives and functions.<br> <br> <b>Article Xl</b>: Agency projects<br> <br> A. Any member or group of members of the Agency desiring to set up any  project for research on, or development or practical application of,  atomic energy for peaceful purposes may request the assistance of the  Agency in securing special fissionable and other materials, services,  equipment, and facilities necessary for this purpose. Any such request  shall be accompanied by an explanation of the purpose and extent of the  project and shall be considered by the Board of Governors .<br> <br> B. Upon request, the Agency may also assist any member or group of  members to make arrangements to secure necessary financing from outside  sources to carry out such projects. In extending this assistance, the  Agency will not be required to provide any guarantees or to assume any  financial responsibility for the project.<br> <br> C. The Agency may arrange for the supplying of any materials, services,  equipment, and facilities necessary for the project by one or more  members or may itself undertake to provide any or all of these directly,  taking into consideration the wishes of the member or members making the  request.<br> <br> D. For the purpose of considering the request, the Agency may send into  the territory of the member or group of members making the request a  person or persons qualified to examine the project. For this purpose the  Agency may, with the approval of the member or group of members making  the request, use members of its own staff or employ suitably qualified  nationals of any member.<br> <br> E. Before approving a project under this article, the Board of Governors  shall give due consideration to:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. The usefulness of the project, including its scientific and technical  feasibility;<br> <br> 2. The adequacy of plans, funds, and technical personnel to assure the  effective execution of the project;<br> <br> 3. The adequacy of proposed health and safety standards for handling and  storing materials and for operating facilities;<br> <br> 4. The inability of the member or group of members making the request to  secure the necessary finances, materials, facilities, equipment, and  services;<br> <br> 5. The equitable distribution of materials and other resources available  to the Agency;<br> <br> 6. The special needs of the under- developed areas of the world; and<br> <br> 7. Such other matters as may be relevant.</p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> F. Upon approving a project, the Agency shall enter into an agreement  with the member or group of members submitting the project, which  agreement shall:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. Provide for allocation to the project of any required special  fissionable or other materials;<br> <br> 2. Provide for transfer of special fissionable materials from their then  place of custody, whether the materials be in the custody of the Agency  or of the member making them available for use in Agency projects, to  the member or group of members submitting the project, under conditions  which ensure the safety of any shipment required and meet applicable  health and safety standards;<br> <br> 3. Set forth the terms and conditions, including charges, on which any  materials, services, equipment, and facilities are to be provided by the  Agency itself, and, if any such materials, services, equipment, and  facilities are to be provided by a member, the terms and conditions as  arranged for by the member or group of members submitting the project  and the supplying member;<br> <br> 4. Include undertakings by the member or group of members submitting the  project: (a) that the assistance provided shall not be used in such a  way as to further any military purpose; and (b) that the project shall  be subject to the safeguards provided for in article XII, the relevant  safeguards being specified in the agreement;<br> <br> 5. Make appropriate provision regarding the rights and interests of the  Agency and the member or members concerned in any inventions or  discoveries, or any patents therein, arising from the project;<br> <br> 6. Make appropriate provision regarding settlement of disputes;<br> <br> 7. Include such other provisions as may be appropriate.</p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> G. The provisions of this article shall also apply where appropriate to  a request for materials, services, facilities, or equipment in  connection with an existing project.<br> <br> <b>Article XII</b>: Agency safeguards<br> <br> A. With respect to any Agency project, or other arrangement where the  Agency is requested by the parties concerned to apply safeguards, the  Agency shall have the following rights and responsibilities to the  extent relevant to the project or arrangement:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. To examine the design of specialized equipment and facilities,  including nuclear reactors, and to approve it only from the view- point  of assuring that it will not further any military purpose, that it  complies with applicable health and safety standards, and that it will  permit effective application of the safeguards provided for in this  article;<br> <br> 2. To require the observance of any health and safety measures  prescribed by the Agency;<br> <br> 3. To require the maintenance and production of operating records to  assist in ensuring accountability for source and special fissionable  materials used or produced in the project or arrangement;<br> <br> 4. To call for and receive progress reports;<br> <br> 5. To approve the means to be used for the chemical processing of  irradiated materials solely to ensure that this chemical processing will  not lend itself to diversion of materials for military purposes and will  comply with applicable health and safety standards; to require that  special fissionable materials recovered or produced as a by-product be  used for peaceful purposes under continuing Agency safeguards for  research or in reactors, existing or under construction, specified by  the member or members concerned; and to require deposit with the Agency  of any excess of any special fissionable materials recovered or produced  as a by-product over what is needed for the above- stated uses in order  to prevent stockpiling of these materials, provided that thereafter at  the request of the member or members concerned special fissionable  materials so deposited with the Agency shall be returned promptly to the  member or members concerned for use under the same provisions as stated  above.<br> <br> 6. To send into the territory of the recipient State or States  inspectors, designated by the Agency after consultation with the State  or States concerned, who shall have access at all times to all places  and data and to any person who by reason of his occupation deals with  materials, equipment, or facilities which are required by this Statute  to be safeguarded, as necessary to account for source and special  fissionable materials supplied and fissionable products and to determine  whether there is compliance with the undertaking against use in  furtherance of any military purpose referred to in sub- paragraph F-4 of  article Xl, with the health and safety measures referred to in sub-  paragraph A-2 of this article, and with any other conditions prescribed  in the agreement between the Agency and the State or States concerned.  Inspectors designated by the Agency shall be accompanied by  representatives of the authorities of the State concerned, if that State  so requests, provided that the inspectors shall not thereby be delayed  or otherwise impeded in the exercise of their functions;<br> <br> 7. In the event of non- compliance and failure by the recipient State or  States to take requested corrective steps within a reasonable time, to  suspend or terminate assistance and withdraw any materials and equipment  made available by the Agency or a member in furtherance of the project.</p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> B. The Agency shall, as necessary, establish a staff of inspectors. The  Staff of inspectors shall have the responsibility of examining all  operations conducted by the Agency itself to determine whether the  Agency is complying with the health and safety measures prescribed by it  for application to projects subject to its approval, supervision or  control, and whether the Agency is taking adequate measures to prevent  the source and special fissionable materials in its custody or used or  produced in its own operations from being used in furtherance of any  military purpose. The Agency shall take remedial action forthwith to  correct any non- compliance or failure to take adequate measures.<br> <br> C. The staff of inspectors shall also have the responsibility of  obtaining and verifying the accounting referred to in sub paragraph A-6  of this article and of determining whether there is compliance with the  undertaking referred to in sub paragraph F-4 of article XI, with the  measures referred to in sub- paragraph A-2 of this article, and with all  other conditions of the project prescribed in the agreement between the  Agency and the State or States concerned. The inspectors shall report  any non-compliance to the Director General who shall thereupon transmit  the report to the Board of Governors. The Board shall call upon the  recipient State or States to remedy forthwith any non-compliance which  it finds to have occurred. The Board shall report the non-compliance to  all members and to the Security Council and General Assembly of the  United Nations. In the event of failure of the recipient State or States  to take fully corrective action within a reasonable time, the Board may  take one or both of the following measures: direct curtailment or  suspension of assistance being provided by the Agency or by a member,  and call for the return of materials and equipment made available to the  recipient member or group of members. The Agency may also, in accordance  with article XIX, suspend any non- complying member from the exercise of  the privileges and rights of membership.<br> <br> <b>Article XIII</b>: Reimbursement of members<br> <br> Unless otherwise agreed upon between the Board of Governors and the  member furnishing to the Agency materials, services, equipment, or  facilities, the Board shall enter into an agreement with such member  providing for reimbursement for the items furnished.<br> <br> <b>Article XIV</b>: Finance<br> <br> A. The Board of Governors shall submit to the General Conference the  annual budget estimates for the expenses of the Agency. To facilitate  the work of the Board in this regard, the Director General shall  initially prepare the budget estimates. If the General Conference does  not approve the estimates, it shall return them together with its  recommendations to the Board. The Board shall then submit further  estimates to the General Conference for its approval.<br> <br> B. Expenditures of the Agency shall be classified under the following  categories:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. Administrative expenses: these shall include:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> (a) Costs of the staff of the Agency other than the staff employed in  connection with materials, services, equipment, and facilities referred  to in sub paragraph B-2 below; costs of meetings; and expenditures  required for the preparation of Agency projects and for the distribution  of information;<br> <br> (b) Costs of implementing the safeguards referred to in article XII in  relation to Agency projects or, under sub- paragraph A-5 of article III,  in relation to any bilateral or multilateral arrangement, together with  the costs of handling and storage of special fissionable material by the  Agency other than the storage and handling charges referred to in  paragraph E below;</p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 2. Expenses, other than those included in sub-paragraph 1 of this  paragraph, in connection with any materials, facilities, plant, and  equipment acquired or established by the Agency in carrying out its  authorized functions, and the costs of materials, services, equipment,  and facilities provided by it under agreements with one or more members.</p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> C. In fixing the expenditures under sub-paragraph B-l (b) above, the  Board of Governors shall deduct such amounts as are recoverable under  agreements regarding the application of safeguards between the Agency  and parties to bilateral or multilateral arrangements.<br> <br> D. The Board of Governors shall apportion the expenses referred to in  sub- paragraph B-1 above, among members in accordance with a scale to be  fixed by the General Conference. In fixing the scale the General  Conference shall be guided by the principles adopted by the United  Nations in assessing contributions of Member States to the regular  budget of the United Nations.<br> <br> E. The Board of Governors shall establish periodically a scale of  charges, including reasonable uniform storage and handling charges, for  materials, services, equipment, and facilities furnished to members by  the Agency. The scale shall be designed to produce revenues for the  Agency adequate to meet the expenses and costs referred to in sub  paragraph B-2 above, less any voluntary contributions which the Board of  Governors may, in accordance with paragraph F, apply for this purpose.  The proceeds of such charges shall be placed in a separate fund which  shall be used to pay members for any materials, services, equipment, or  facilities furnished by them and to meet other expenses referred to in  sub- paragraph B- 2 above which may be incurred by the Agency itself<br> <br> F. Any excess of revenues referred to in paragraph E over the expenses  and costs there referred to, and any voluntary contributions to the  Agency, shall be placed in a general fund which may be used as the Board  of Governors, with the approval of the General Conference, may  determine.<br> <br> G. Subject to rules and limitations approved by the General Conference,  the Board of Governors shall have the authority to exercise borrowing  powers on behalf of the Agency without, however, imposing on members of  the Agency any liability in respect of loans entered into pursuant to  this authority, and to accept voluntary contributions made to the  Agency.<br> <br> H. Decisions of the General Conference on financial questions and of the  Board of Governors on the amount of the Agency&#39;s budget shall require a  two- thirds majority of those present and voting.<br> <br> <b>Article XV</b>: Privileges and immunities<br> <br> A. The Agency shall enjoy in the territory of each member such legal  capacity and such privileges and immunities as are necessary for the  exercise of its functions.<br> <br> B. Delegates of members together with their alternates and advisers,  Governors appointed to the Board together with their alternates and  advisers, and the Director General and the staff of the Agency, shall  enjoy such privileges and immunities as are necessary in the independent  exercise of their functions in connection with the Agency.<br> <br> C. The legal capacity, privileges, and immunities referred to in this  article shall be defined in a separate agreement or agreements between  the Agency, represented for this purpose by the Director General acting  under instructions of the Board of Governors. and the members.<br> <br> <b>Article XVI</b>: Relationship with other organizations<br> <br> A. The Board of Governors, with the approval of the General Conference,  is authorized to enter into an agreement or agreements establishing an  appropriate relationship between the Agency and the United Nations and  any other organi zations the work of which is related to that of the  Agency.<br> <br> B. The agreement or agreements establishing the relationship of the  Agency and the United Nations shall provide for:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. Submission by the Agency of reports as provided for in sub-paragraphs  B- 4 and B- 5 of article III;<br> <br> 2. Consideration by the Agency of resolutions relating to it adopted by  the General Assembly or any of the Councils of the United Nations and  the submission of reports, when requested, to the appropriate organ of  the United Nations on the action taken by the Agency or by its members  in accordance with this Statute as a result of such consideration.</p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> <b>Article XVII</b>: Settlement of disputes<br> <br> A. Any question or dispute concerning the interpretation or application  of this Statute which is not settled by negotiation shall be referred to  the International Court of Justice in conformity with the Statute of the  Court, unless the parties concerned agree on another mode of settlement.<br> <br> B. The General Conference and the Board of Governors are separately  empowered, subject to authorization from the General Assembly of the  United Nations, to request the International Court of Justice to give an  advisory opinion on any legal question arising within the scope of the  Agency&#39;s activities .<br> <br> <b>Article XVIII</b>: Amendments and withdrawals<br> <br> A. Amendments to this Statute may be proposed by any member. Certified  copies of the text of any amendment proposed shall be prepared by the  Director General and communicated by him to all members at least ninety  days in advance of its consideration by the General Conference.<br> <br> B. At the fifth annual session of the General Conference following the  coming into force of this Statute, the question of a general review of  the provisions of this Statute shall be placed on the agenda of that  session. On approval by a majority of the members present and voting,  the review will take place at the following General Conference.  Thereafter, proposals on the question of a general review of this  Statute may be submitted for decision by the General Conference under  the same procedure.<br> <br> C. Amendments shall come into force for all members when:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> (i) Approved by the General Conference by a two-thirds majority of those  present and voting after consideration of observations submitted by the  Board of Governors on each proposed amendment, and<br> <br> (ii) Accepted by two-thirds of all the members in accordance with their  respective constitutional processes. Acceptance by a member shall be  effected by the deposit of an instrument of acceptance with the  depositary Government referred to in paragraph C of article XXI.</p> </blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> D. At any time after five years from the date when this Statute shall  take effect in accordance with paragraph E of article XXI or whenever a  member is unwilling to accept an amendment to this Statute, it may  withdraw from the Agency by notice in writing to that effect given to  the depositary Government referred to in paragraph C of article XXI,  which shall promptly inform the Board of Governors and all members.<br> <br> E. Withdrawal by a member from the Agency shall not affect its  contractual obligations entered into pursuant to article XI or its  budgetary obligations for the year in which it withdraws.<br> <br> <b>Article XIX</b>: Suspension of privileges<br> <br> A. A member of the Agency which is in arrears in the payment of its  financial contributions to the Agency shall have no vote in the Agency  if the amount of its arrears equals or exceeds the amount of the  contributions due from it for the preceding two years. The General  Conference may, nevertheless, permit such a member to vote if it is  satisfied that the failure to pay is due to conditions beyond the  control of the member.<br> <br> B. A member which has persistently violated the provisions of this  Statute or of any agreement entered into by it pursuant to this Statute  may be suspended from the exercise of the privileges and rights of  membership by the General Conference acting by a two- thirds majority of  the members present and voting upon recommendation by the Board of  Governors.<br> <br> <b>Article XX</b>: Definitions<br> <br> As used in this Statute:<br> <br> 1. The term "special fissionable material" means plutonium-239; uranium-  233; uranium enriched in the isotopes 235 or 233; any material  containing one or more of the foregoing; and such other fissionable  material as the Board of Governors shall from time to time deter mine;  but the term "special fissionable material" does not include source  material.<br> <br> 2. The term "uranium enriched in the isotopes 235 or 233" means uranium  containing the isotopes 235 or 233 or both in an amount such that the  abundance ratio of the sum of these isotopes to the isotope 238 is  greater than the ratio of the isotope 235 to the isotope 238 occurring  in nature .<br> <br> 3 . The term "source material" means uranium containing the mixture of  isotopes occurring in nature; uranium depleted in the isotope 235;  thorium; any of the foregoing in the form of metal, alloy, chemical  compound, or concentrate; any other material containing one or more of  the foregoing in such concentration as the Board of Governors shall from  time to time determine; and such other material as the Board of  Governors shall from time to time determine.<br> <br> <b>Article XXI</b>: Signature, acceptance, and entry into force<br> <br> A. This Statute shall be open for signature on 26 October 1956 by all  States Members of the United Nations or of any of the specialized  agencies and shall remain open for signature by those States for a  period of ninety days.<br> <br> B. The signatory States shall become parties to this Statute by deposit  of an instrument of ratification.<br> <br> C. Instruments of ratification by signatory States and instruments of  acceptance by States whose membership has been approved under paragraph  B of article IV of this Statute shall be deposited with the Government  of the United States of America, hereby designated as depositary  Government.<br> <br> D. Ratification or acceptance of this Statute shall be effected by  States in accordance with their respective constitutional processes.<br> <br> E. This Statute, apart from the Annex, shall come into force when  eighteen States have deposited instruments of ratification in accordance  with paragraph B of this article, provided that such eighteen States  shall include at least three of the following States: Canada, France,  the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great  Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America.  Instruments of ratification and instruments of acceptance deposited  thereafter shall take effect on the date of their receipt.<br> <br> F. The depositary Government shall promptly inform all States signatory  to this Statute of the date of each deposit of ratification and the date  of entry into force of the Statute. The depositary Government shall  promptly inform all signatories and members of the dates on which States  subsequently become parties thereto.<br> <br> G. The Annex to this Statute shall come into force on the first day this  Statute is open for signature.<br> <br> <b>Article XXII</b>: Registration with the United Nations<br> <br> A. This Statute shall be registered by the depositary Government  pursuant to Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.<br> <br> B. Agreements between the Agency and any member or members, agreements  between the Agency and any other organization or organizations, and  agreements between members subject to approval of the Agency, shall be  registered with the Agency. Such agreements shall be registered by the  Agency with the United Nations if registration is required under Article  102 of the Charter of the United Nations.<br> <br> <b>Article XXIII</b>: Authentic texts and certified copies<br> <br> This Statute, done in the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish  languages, each being equally authentic, shall be deposited in the  archives of the depositary Government. Duly certified copies of this  Statute shall be transmitted by the depositary Government to the  Governments of the other signatory States and to the Governments of  States admitted to membership under paragraph B of article IV.<br> <br> In witness whereof the undersigned, duly authorized, have signed this  Statute.<br> <br> DONE at the Headquarters of the United Nations, this twenty- sixth day  of October, one thousand nine hundred and fifty-six.<br> <br> <b>Annex</b>: Preparatory Commission<br> <br> A. A Preparatory Commission shall come into existence on the first day  this Statute is open for signature. It shall be composed of one  representative each of Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada,  Czechoslovakia, France, India, Portugal, Union of South Africa, Union of  Soviet Socialist Republics, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern  Ireland, and United States of America, and one representative each of  six other States to be chosen by the International Conference on the  Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The Preparatory  Commission shall remain in existence until this Statute comes into force  and thereafter until the General Conference has convened and a Board of  Governors has been selected in accordance with article VI.<br> <br> B. The expenses of the Preparatory Commission may be met by a loan  provided by the United Nations and for this purpose the Preparatory  Commission shall make the necessary arrangements with the appropriate  authorities of the United Nations, including arrangements for repayment  of the loan by the Agency. Should these - funds be insufficient, the  Preparatory Commission may accept advances from Governments. Such  advances may be set off against the contributions of the Governments  concerned to the Agency.<br> <br> C. The Preparatory Commission shall:</p> <blockquote> <p class="bodytext"> 1. Elect its own officers, adopt its own rules of procedure, meet as  often as necessary, determine its own place of meeting and establish  such committees as it deems necessary;<br> <br> 2. Appoint an executive secretary and staff as shall be necessary, who  shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as the Commission may  determine;<br> <br> 3. Make arrangements for the first session of the General Conference,  including the preparation of a provisional agenda and draft rules of  procedure, such session to be held as soon as possible after the entry  into force of this Statute;<br> <br> 4. Make designations for membership on the first Board of Governors in  accordance with sub- paragraphs A- l and A- 2 and paragraph B of article  VI;<br> <br> 5. Make studies, reports, and recommendations for the first session of  the General Conference and for the first meeting of the Board of  Governors on subjects of concern to the Agency requiring immediate  attention, including (a) the financing of the Agency; (b) the programmes  and budget for the first year of the Agency; (c) technical problems  relevant to advance planning of Agency operations; (d) the establishment  of a permanent Agency staff; and (e) the location of the permanent  headquarters of the Agency;<br> <br> 6. Make recommendations for the first meeting of the Board of Governors  concerning the provisions of a headquarters agreement defining the  status of the Agency and the rights and obligations which will exist in  the relationship between the Agency and the host Government;<br> <br> 7. (a) Enter into negotiations with the United Nations with a view to  the preparation of a draft agreement in accordance with article XVI of  this Statute, such draft agreement to be submitted to the first session  of the General Conference and to the first meeting of the Board of  Governors; and<br> <br> (b) make recommendations to the first session of the Conference and to  the first meeting of the Board of Governors concerning the relationship  of the Agency to other international organizations as contemplated in  article XVI of this Statute.</p> </blockquote><br><br>